One of the smallest members of the European Union, Luxembourg was nevertheless the cradle where the concept of a unified Europe was born. Together with Brussels and Strasbourg, Luxembourg city is the official seat of many of the European Union’s major organizations. A multicultural city by tradition, Luxembourg continues to enhance its cosmopolitan nature.The city of Luxembourg, the thousand-year-old capital of the Grand Duchy, was founded in 963.
Over the course of its history, Luxembourg has been occupied by Burgundians, Spanish, French, Austrians and Prussians, all of whom contributed to making the city one of the best fortified in the world, the “Gibraltar of the North”. Today, the fortress, along with the old city, have gained international fame. In 1994, UNESCO recognized the city's historical importance by naming it a World Heritage Site.